Impact of Patent Laws on Economic Growth of India

Impact of Patent Laws on Economic Growth of India


Assurance of Patent is playing a significant role in India. Few decades back, various changes have been made to guideline and policy of IP in India to shield the licensed innovation for example patent, trademark, copyright, plan and topographical sign. India consented to the TRIPS arrangement in the year 1994 which became effective from first January, 1995. In India, patents on pharmaceutical were not conceded preceding 1995, which changed after the TRIPS achieved the alteration of 1995 in the Patent Act, 1970. According to section 5 of the Patent Act, the patents were granted only on methods in the field of pharmaceutical after the alteration of 2005 patents may grant on product also which has an immense effect on the development of the economy. A patent is one of the best of the intellectual property for accomplishing monetary turn of events.

Previous Patents Law

Prior worldwide organizations were not keen on taking up innovative work as procedure for taking patent in India was a tough task because of the danger of encroachment at a primer stage. In 1856 the first patent law of India appeared and that was consequently revoked by the Act of 1857 without the endorsement of the British Crown. A revolutionary change came in 1911 when “The Indian Patents and Designs Act” came which supplanted all the past Acts and the Act brought patent organization under the administration of Controller of Patents for the first time. After the Independence new patent law was made for example Patent Act, 1970 which came into power in 1972 in light of the fact that it was felt that the past Act for example The Indian Patent and Designs Act, 1911 was not satisfying its goal.

Impact of Patent on Economic Growth of India

The Patent framework in India in is a way to influence the monetary development of India. Since India has appropriate laws set up for the assurance of licensed innovation and their execution is sufficient to put trust on the equivalent, various worldwide organizations have begun their innovative work process in India which leads to expansion in the monetary development of the nation with the increase in installment of expenses and giving work to the individuals of India. Ranbaxy is a worldwide organization established in 1961 wherein 1,700 individuals were utilized whereas in 2012, the number of representatives expanded to 10,983. It is seen that the skyscraper in the quantity of representatives in a way expands the financial condition of India. Dr. Reddy is another Indian global organization established in 1984 and 7,525 individuals were utilized in 2006 and in the time of 2018, the quantity of workers expanded to 23,524 as it tends to be obviously observed that over 200% development in the quantity of representatives in an organization was made conceivable in 12 years which brought about increment in the financial development of the nation. The overall income by protected innovation workplaces of India was Rs. 608.31 crore in the year 2016-17 while total consumption was just Rs. 129.8 crore. Allover income produced by patent office was Rs. 410.03 crore.

Pharmaceutical organizations of India are the third biggest on the planet attributable to the creation of generic medications at exceptionally low rates and sending out these medications to numerous nations like Africa, Latin America and other Asian nations on the grounds that the expense of creation in India is low when contrasted with USA and Europe. As indicated by the report of WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization) pharmaceutical patent application is the second biggest topic in India and this was bounced after the year 2005 when India ordered the law that permitted item licenses. In India the pharmaceutical industry has developed from 6 billion US Dollar in 2005 to 30 billion US dollar in 2015 and according to the growth rate it is assumed that it will go up to 55 billion US Dollar by 2021.


Indian Patent Law was corrected in consistence with the TRIPS understanding after India turned into a signatory to the TRIPS understanding. Subsequently, numerous Companies began putting resources into India. Worldwide organizations additionally began their research and development process in India which has expanded the monetary development of India and has given work to the individuals of India. At present India needs to welcome increasingly multinational companies for contributing and beginning their research and development process in India. So this will lead to an increment in the economy of India. The pharmaceutical multinational companies have contributed and begun their innovative work process in India after the year 2005 which has resulted in developed from 6 billion US Dollar to 30 billion US dollar.

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